Bursa- Historical Cumalikizik Village and Izmir Bergama (Pergamon) added on Unesco World Heritage List
Bursa and the historical Cumalıkızık village as 'The Birthplace of the Ottoman Empire', and Bergama (Pergamon) as a 'multi-layered cultural landscape' have been added to the UNESCO’s World Heritage List at the 38th World Heritage Committee meeting held at Qatar's National Congress Centre in Doha.
In total, 52 sites of unique historical and cultural value (2 in the cultural/natural, 1 in the natural και 49 in the cultural categories) in Turkey are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.
With the addition of Bursa and İzmir Bergama (Pergamon), the number of Turkish cultural sites and natural landscapes included in the World Heritage List, has now risen to 13. According to the UNESCO's Convention (1972) ratified by 191 countries, other Turkish sites already included in the World Heritage List are: the Historic Areas of İstanbul’s significant monuments, the Mosque of Divriği, Darüşşifası, Hattuşaş, Mount Nemrut, Xanthos-Letoon, the city of Safranbolu, the ancient city of Truva (Troy), the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne and its Social Complex, Göreme National Park in Kapadokya (Cappadocia), Hierapolis-Pamukkale and the Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük.
Bursa, the Ottoman Empire's first capital that contains many historical remains from the Empire's founding years, holds a prominent place thanks to its natural beauty as well as its industrial activity.
On the other hand, the 700-year-old village of Cumalıkızık stands out as it has preserved its Ottoman housing structure until today. Bursa and Cumalıkızık, which -despite being close to the city- combine the commercial culture with the preservation of rural living, are good examples of the ideal lifestyle during the period of the Ottoman Empire.
The 'Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire's World Heritage Site includes the Orhan Ghazi Mosque Complex and its surroundings including the Hanlar District, the Hudavendigar (Murad I) Complex, Yildirim (Beyazit I) Complex, Green (Mehmet I) Complex, Muradiye (Murad II) Complex and the Cumalıkızık village itself.
Bergama with its rich cultural heritage is a “gateway” to history. Known as Pergamon in ancient times, it was considered one of the most important cultural centres in the Hellenistic period.
Bergama (Pergamon), home to one of the biggest libraries of the Hellenistic period, has been listed in the 'cultural landscape' category. The site, comprising Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman monuments, consists of an acropolis, seven tumuli in the surrounding area and the Kybele Holy Site.